Do you know your abc’s?
The most memorable reminder for first aid is ABC. Airway, Breathing, Circulation. But on our courses you will be taught the whole Primary Survey DRs ABC.
Danger – Check that it is safe for you, as the first aider to approach and the casualty is as safe as possible. Don’t step out into traffic this is the biggest risk to first aiders. Switch off the electricity if a casualty is near the source before you touch them.
Response – Are they Alert, responsive to your Voice, Responsive to Pain or touch, or totally Unresponsive? AVPU
shout – Shout or call for help!
Airway – Tilt their head back, or place the head into a neutral position if the casualty is a young baby and check that their airway is clear. Do a finger sweep of the mouth if necessary, but never go delving into the throat even if you know they are choking, as this can make things worse.
Breathing – Is the casualty breathing normally? Place your ear to their mouth and listen, watch and feel for breath for 10 seconds.
Circulation – If the casualty is not breathing normally, don’t waste time checking for a pulse start Chest compressions.
For adults, children and babies the rate of chest compression is 30 breaths to 2 compressions, but when dealing with a child or baby we start by giving 5 rescue breaths.
Make sure you brush up on your abc’s and keep your training up to date. Registered childminders and nursery staff must have training a minimum of every three years, but it is best practice to attend a first aid refresher every year.
Make sure you know how to act in an emergency.
First aid abc.